Border Agents in Training
Eighteen-year-old Victoria Chacón spent much of this past winter and spring learning to shoot an M4 rifle and disarm a knife-wielding attacker. She also studied immigration history and law, camped in the mountains, and put on boxing gloves and sparred. Chacón was one of 18 kids from Nogales, Arizona, between the ages of 14 and 20 enrolled in the Border Patrol’s Explorer Program. The daughter of a Border Patrol agent, Chacón had known for years that she wanted to join the program. “My dad would tell work stories,” she says.
The Border Patrol started the Explorer Program in 1973, modeling it on a Boy Scouts curriculum. According to Lenny Queriapa, the 30-year-old agent in charge of the Nogales Explorers, the academy is designed to teach each student to “become a good American citizen.” The program also doubles as a recruitment tool for the agency. “If they do want to go into law enforcement,” Queriapa says, “it’s an easy way to get a foot in the door.” Since Queriapa took over the Nogales program in 2012, he’s had students go into the local sheriff’s department and all branches of the military. So far, no one has joined the Border Patrol. “We have a couple studying astronomy,” he says. “One became a priest.”
Border Patrol work is a complicated affair for Mexican American families, bringing with it questions of allegiance and identity, as photographer Sarah Blesener discovered while spending time with Explorers in Nogales and in Kingsville, Texas, this past June. One image that stuck with her was of students walking along the U.S.–Mexico border for hours with a heavy kettlebell in one hand in the searing heat. “Almost all of them had immigrated with families, or their parents had come themselves,” Blesener says.
Chacón, like most of her peers, has family in both Mexico and the U.S. Her father was born in Los Angeles; her mother, in Chihuahua. Spending time with her Mexican relatives and with friends in Nogales who have family across the border, Chacón became accustomed to jokes about “La Migra.” Like others in the Explorer Program, she recognizes that Border Patrol work, though dangerous, represents one of the more stable livelihoods in the region. Almost everyone in a border town makes money off the border, and pay for agents starts at more than $52,000 per year. “People in Nogales are exposed to Border Patrol,” Chacón says. “There are a few people who make jokes about it.” She considers that “part of the job.”
Chacón says she empathizes with undocumented families crossing the border. Still, she says, “you can’t just let anyone come in. I do think there has to be some kind of immigration reform. Something needs to change.” Now a freshman studying political science at the University of Texas at El Paso, she sees the Explorer Program as a first step in a long career. “Border Patrol is an option,” she says, “but I don’t think it’ll be the first option. I’m thinking FBI or CIA.”